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What are the types of Cannabis Plants?

Cannabis Plants

If you want to stay in touch with the origins of your favorite cannabis products, it’s a good idea to start by knowing the inside and outside of the cannabis plants. And that means knowing not only the specific parts of the cannabis plant and the various strains and types of weeds that exist.

In addition to understanding the different parts of the marijuana plant, you also need to understand the different types of cannabis. Although there have been long-standing claims about the effects of Sativa, Indica, and hybrids, current studies suggest that the effects of cannabis are determined by the human endogenous cannabinoid system and plant-specific cannabinoid profiles.

Cannabis generally falls into four categories:


Indica-tilted cannabis plants tend to sprout dense, thick and heavy during the flowering period. These strains are generally thought to give consumers “body height” rather than cerebral height.


Sativa plants tend to produce more airy, carved buds than Indica plants. The cannabis plant Sativa strain often provides users with a more cerebral and energetic “foaming” height.


As a mixture of Sativa and Indica, hybrid strains are generally believed to give you a more balanced height.


Hemp plants are part of the cannabis family but differ from regular cannabis plants in that they produce only trace amounts of THC. This cannabinoid causes the intoxicating effects of marijuana plants. In the United States, the 2018 Agricultural Bill has designated hemp as a cannabis plant containing up to 0.3% THC. However, hemp plants produce many other important cannabinoids, especially cannabidiol (CBD), whose fibers are used to produce various textile products.

There are numerous strains within each of the more common categories of Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid to further break it down. Understanding these various strains allows us to focus on the type of experience gained by consuming weeds at a particular level.

What exactly is the difference between a Sativa, an Indica, and a Hybrid? 

The answer is simple. It’s the “Indica” part! To help you understand what that means, here are the three most common types of cannabis and their associated effects: 

Sativa: Stimulating, Innovative, Creative, Enjoyable – 

Indica: Relaxing, Balanced, Soothing, Comforting 

Hybrid: A balanced blend of Sativa and Indica traits. 

Sativa is typically active, high-energy, creative, inspiring, and fun. Sativa tends to stimulate the user, causing the person to feel alert, creative, and have a general sense of well-being. When smoked or ingested, Sativa gives the user a “runner’s high.” Sativa is most often associated with creative, upbeat people. Sativa is the plant of artists, writers, musicians, and other creative individuals. Sativa is also the type of plant used by scientists, doctors, and other highly-creative professionals. 

Indica is typically mellow, warm, and soothing. It is typically a sedative for the brain and body. So, they ease stress, tension, and muscle spasms. Indicas are most often used to treat insomnia and other sleep disorders.

Hybrid strain typically offers milder highs with a more cerebral, sedating effect.

Unique Chemical Make-up of Cannabis Plants

It means each plant has its unique chemical make-up, which influences how it affects the user. To help you understand this, I have broken down the many different types of Cannabis Plants into three broad categories: Sativa Dominant, Indica Dominant, and Balanced.

Sativa Dominant:

These plants are believed to produce the uplifting, energizing effects associated with psychedelic experiences.

Indica Dominant:

These plants are believed to produce the relaxing, calming effects associated with a mellow, sleepy high.


It is a catch-all category for neither Sativa nor Indica dominant plants. They tend to have a more moderate effect.

Sativa Dominant:

One of the most common misconceptions about cannabis is that all plants labelled “sativa” are equally energizing. It couldn’t be further from the truth. Sativas come in two basic forms:


This form of Sativa is most often found in hybrid strains. It has a Sativa-like appearance, but its effects are, more often than not, very different from those of pure Sativa.

Pure Sativa:

A true Sativa has a much higher THC content than an Indica. Pure Sativa has a faster flowering time and a more pronounced cerebral high.